PEOPLE seem to be having trouble figuring out how to commemorate September 11th this year. I spent the morning thinking about George Packer's piece on the new documentary "Last Days in Vietnam", in which he reflects on how different America's response to the near-disintegration of its former client state in Iraq has been from the way it handled the collapse of its client state in South Vietnam. In April 1975 Congress rejected the appeals of president Gerald Ford for a package of last-ditch military aid to the Saigon regime in the face of the advancing North Vietnamese Army. In Iraq, in contrast, Barack Obama just committed to an indefinite military campaign to destroy the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), and Congress seems likely to approve that intervention if it comes up for a vote. Yet, as Mr Packer writes, in Vietnam America frantically evacuated tens of thousands of locals who had helped during the war as the Communists advanced. In Iraq, however, America has left many collaborating locals to suffer violent...Continue reading
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NOT all of the victims of the September 11th attacks died on the day the towers fell. The collapse of the World Trade Centre buildings spewed a deadly mix of glass fibres, pulverised cement, asbestos, lead and a host of carcinogens from oil and petrol into the air. Around 400,000 people who worked and lived in Lower Manhattan were exposed, including many students attending nearby Stuvesant High School. Some 30,000 first responders and volunteers who raced to the area are now sick. Their ailments include respiratory disease, pulmonary illnesses and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.
In the days after the attacks, Congress created a compensation fund for the families of those lost and for the injured. But it took years for symptoms of illnesses caused by the cloud of toxins to appear, long after the compensation fund closed in 2004. Many are sick or disabled, and can no longer work. Some are already dead.
James Zadroga was a police officer who worked for more than 450 hours in the rubble. Within weeks he had developed a cough, and was eventually unable to live without an oxygen tank. In January 2006 he became the first person to die from exposure to the Ground Zero dust, when he succumbed to respiratory disease. Since then, more than 130 firefighters and police officers have died from 9/11-related illnesses. Last week the fire department added 13 new names to its...Continue reading
BARACK OBAMA’s prime-time address of September 10th, bracing America for an open-ended campaign against Islamic State (IS) in Iraq and Syria, marked a stunning turnaround for a cautious president, a once-again-hawkish Republican Party and—most strikingly—for a public galvanised by the beheading of two American journalists, after ignoring soaring death tolls in the Arab world (see chart). Mr Obama’s presidency is on the line, as critics ask whether he knows how to keep Americans safe.
When he proudly declared in 2011 that America's war in Iraq would soon be over, Mr Obama can hardly have imagined that, three years later, public opinion would oblige him to deliver an address from the White House, assuring the country that almost 500 American troops will head to Iraq to join hundreds already there, where they will support Iraqi and Kurdish forces with advice, training, intelligence and equipment. New Iraqi national guard units in Sunni towns will also receive support, he said. Allies on the ground would be backed by “systematic” air strikes against IS in Syria as well as Iraq. American combat troops would not fight on foreign soil,...Continue reading
LAYING out a military strategy toward the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) in his speech to the nation on Wednesday night, Barack Obama spun out a string of nuanced messages. He sought to portray the danger of the ruthless insurgent army as a potential, but not an imminent, threat to the United States. He warned jihadists “if you threaten America, you will find no safe haven” in either Iraq or Syria. Yet he pledged no boots on the ground in either country, and just 475 more American troops to supply, train and assist the Iraqi and Kurdish forces. Moreover, he promised that America would not be going it alone but proceeding with a “broad coalition” of other nations.
The mission to “degrade and ultimately destroy” ISIS carries significant risks and will keep American military pilots busy. While warning that “it will take time to eradicate a cancer like ISIL [an alternate abbreviation of the group's name],” Mr Obama wisely provided no whiff of a timetable. Nonetheless, he did not explain how air power alone could realistically achieve the mission, even after years of strikes. Zack Beauchamp explains the depth of the challenge at Vox. While...Continue reading
Trying to grow your organization? Spread pockets of excellence? There are two days left to sign up! Cool Friend Bob Sutton, a Professor in the Department of Management Science & Engineering at Stanford, is offering a MOOC in scaling. Bob tells us that lots of people are involved in the design of the audio/video, etc., […]
THE cascade of rulings invalidating state-level same-sex marriage prohibitions now includes decisions from three federal appellate courts. Last Thursday the seventh circuit court of appeals thwarted gay marriage bans in Wisconsin and Indiana, joining the fourth and tenth circuit courts that have issued recent rulings nullifying one man-one woman marriage laws in Virginia, Utah and Oklahoma. The fifth and sixth circuits are up next. The Supreme Court is widely expected to review decisions from one or more of these jurisdictions in the coming year.
As speculation turns to how the justices will handle the tidal wave of judicial support for same-sex marriage that their United States v Windsor decision gutting the Defence of Marriage Act (DOMA) set off a year ago, it might be natural to assume that we’re gearing up for another 4-4 right-left split, with Justice Anthony Kennedy in the middle. How Justice Kennedy would rule is indeed an open and highly interesting question, but I think it is premature to assume that the court’s four liberals—Stephen...Continue reading
DURING his successful campaign for governor of Virginia in 2009, Bob McDonnell ran as an ordinary kid from the suburbs of Washington. The fact that he was in position to win an office previously held by Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry made clear, he said, that anything was possible with hard work, grit and determination. Unfortunately, the perseverance and attention to detail that elevated him to the governor’s office served him less well when he deployed them for the purposes of illicit enrichment. On September 4th Mr McDonnell and his wife Maureen were convicted in Richmond federal court on 11 corruption charges, stemming from $177,000 in gifts, trips and sweetheart loans. He plans to appeal, but assuming the verdict stands faces up to 20 years in jail.
Mr McDonnell, once seen as a rising Republican star, was undone by his relationship with Jonnie Williams Sr, a businessman whose company sold a dietary supplement called Anatabloc. It is derived from tobacco, historically a leading cash crop in the state, and Mr Williams wanted Virginia to approve research of the product in government-run teaching hospitals and to make it available to government...Continue reading
AMERICA'S two-party system is a creaking monstrosity that has helped bring its politics to a grinding halt. The country urgently needs a nationally competitive third party (if not a fourth and a fifth) to crack up its frozen ideological landscape, and to shift incentives away from the politics of total resistance and towards deal-making and compromise. That said, it is not entirely clear just how big a role the two-party system plays in creating America's policy paralysis. Many factors have combined to hobble American governance. How important is the two-party system, specifically?
Salomon Orellana, a political scientist at the University of Michigan, thinks it plays a big role. In a post at the Monkey Cage, Mr Orellana argues that in two-party systems, politicians tend to "pander", promising voters easy material gains without corresponding costs. He applies this theory to the issue of climate change.
In two-party systems, when one party panders on material comfort (e.g., “gasoline prices have risen under the current government”) or even survival (e.g., “carbon taxes will cost jobs”) versus doing something about climate change, the other party feels great pressure to follow suit. This dynamic also tends to reduce...Continue reading
I have ratcheted the volume WAAAAAAY up re training. I unloaded on the topic last week at Indiana HR in Indianapolis. I have subsequently upgraded a document titled “Training: Investment #1.” All yours … [Ed. And, there's an update to Excellence. NO EXCUSES! to reflect the changes to the training piece.]
NOT all the major polling models give Republicans a clear edge to capture the Senate this autumn, but most do. The New York Times’ “The Upshot” puts the chances at 65%, Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight most recently called it “in the neighborhood of 60-40” and the Washington Post’s “Election Lab” gives the GOP a 51% shot. Sam Wang of the Princeton Election Consortium is the outlier, giving the Democrats a 70% chance of holding the majority. The obvious reasons for the GOP’s advantage are technical, as we wrote earlier this month. More vulnerable Democrats are up for re-election this year than vulnerable Republicans. The GOP needs to take away six seats from the Democrats, and is already nearly assured of winning three; of the six or seven competitive races (depending on who’s counting), Republicans must win just three to gain a majority. Add in Barack Obama’s...Continue reading
I GREW up in the 1980s rooting for the Washington Capitals, a hockey team that at the time was best described as hopeless. Over the past decade I have enjoyed the exploits of a much better version of that team, graced with a captain, forward* Alex Ovechkin (pictured), who last year led the NHL in goals for the second year in a row. Mr Ovechkin is a Russian who got his start playing for Dynamo Moscow, and yesterday, as Zack Beauchamp of Vox noticed, he put up an Instagram picture that seems to advance a pro-Russian position on the conflict in Ukraine. In the picture, Mr Ovechkin holds up a sign bearing the hashtag #savechildrenfromfascism. Beside it, he writes (in Russian): "Our grandfathers and grandmothers saw all the horrors of fascism! We will not allow it in our time!" Outside Russia, the question of which side in the conflict has more fascist characteristics is considered...Continue reading
Call me a “motivational speaker”—and I’ll be tempted to punch you. On the other hand, I have collected a passel of “inspiring” quotes over the years. I put this little set together for a colleague. All yours … “This is the true joy of Life, the being used for a purpose recognized by yourself as […]
WHAT do America's right-wing tea-partiers and left-wing progressives have in common? Enough, says the journalist Clive Crook, that they can both usefully be called liberals—in the global sense of the word. In a review of our former colleague Edmund Fawcett's book "Liberalism: The Life of an Idea", Mr Crook approves of the work's identification of four basic characteristics of liberalism: "acceptance of conflict, resistance to power, belief in progress and civic respect." America's right and left both broadly adhere to these liberal principles, and that separates their ideologies from authoritarian, totalitarian or theocratic ones.
Mr Crook is right that there are certain core values accepted on both the right and left sides of American politics. I'm particularly interested in the second one on this list, "resistance to power". One of the reasons why Americans have periodically been able to attain bipartisan agreement on foreign policy is that both parties can be rallied to oppose dictatorial or oppressive regimes. Broad bipartisan majorities supported America's...Continue reading
OVER 1.3 billion people, nearly the population of China, are now active Facebook users. That means a whopping 18% of the world's population logs on to the site at least once a month. The social network is the largest community ever: a place where ideas, stories, images and perspectives are communicated instantly and widely across national, geographical and ideological boundaries.
But whenever a public forum for dialogue is established, rules arise, and Facebook is no exception. The website maintains a list of community standards “[t]o balance the needs and interests of a global population.” Facebook prohibits threats of violence to oneself or others, bullying and harassment, hate speech, graphic content and nudity. You might argue with these categories—an interesting debate has recently sprung up over how social media sites should handle beheadings and other images of extreme violence—but because it is a private organisation, not a government, Facebook has no obligation to publish anything it does not want to broadcast. The First...Continue reading
Tom is speaking at HR Indiana, the largest HR conference in the Midwest. As you know, he has been working for the last few months on an essay, “The Moral Bedrock of Management: Maximizing Human Capital Development.” In many ways, he says, that essay will be the basis for his speech. “I try to do […]
What should you focus on right now to make Excellence happen in your organization? That’s the question that’s always on Tom’s mind. He’s been working on a document called Excellence. NO EXCUSES! (available here) for months. This collection of Twitter conversations now encompasses all the topics Tom sees as important right now for excellence in […]
LAST night Doug Ducey, Arizona’s treasurer and a former head of Cold Stone Creamery, a chain of ice-cream parlours, emerged victorious in a six-way Republican primary with 37% of the vote to become the party's candidate for November's gubernatorial race. This put him more than 15 points ahead of the second-place finisher, Scott Smith, and more than 20 points in front of Christine Jones, a former executive at GoDaddy, a web-hosting firm based in Scottsdale.
Immigration was the most prominent issue of the race, and provided momentum to Mr Ducey’s once flagging campaign after national concern erupted over the number of children entering America illegally in June. He wants more fences, satellites and guards to keep immigrants from crossing the border, and more police and prosecutors to crack down on those who make it over. He decried the federal government’s “botched” handling of border security but kept quiet on thornier questions of immigration reform and paths to citizenship for illegal immigrants brought to America as kids. While Mr Smith eventually won the backing of Arizona’s outgoing governor, Jan Brewer (pictured), Mr...Continue reading
RELIGIOUS organisations are up in arms over the latest change to the Obamacare mandate that employers provide insurance with free birth control to their workers. What is odd is that the change is actually designed to exempt them from the mandate.
Religious groups never liked the health-care mandate. They were also quick to pounce on the administration's first solution, which exempted religious groups if they filled out a form that essentially outsourced the provision of birth control to a third party. Critics complained that filling out the form implicated them in the provision of (what they consider to be) abortifacient devices and pills. The Supreme Court has been sympathetic to these concerns. The justices offered their own provisional solution in Wheaton College v Burwell, which let religious non-profits secure an exemption from the mandate without filling out a form. Non-profits need only inform "the Secretary of Health and Human Services [HHS] in writing that it is a non-profit organization that...Continue reading
LIKE many other residents of the San Francisco Bay Area, your correspondent was jolted out of bed at around 3.30am today by an earthquake that made his house sway like a boat on water. The cause was an aftershock from a magnitude 6.1 quake which occurred near the town of Napa. This was the biggest seismic event to hit the Bay Area since the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989, which hit a magnitude of 6.9 and caused over 60 deaths.
So far, there have been no reports of fatalities this time around, though police reports suggest there have been numerous casualties, with two people seriously injured. Buildings in the town of Napa have suffered structural damage, stores have seen their wares scattered over the floor by the shaking, and some parts of highways have been closed as a precaution. (This post will be updated as more information becomes available.)
Given the epicentre of the quake was in the north of the Bay Area, Silicon Valley much further to the south is likely to have been unaffected by its aftershocks. But the quake is a salutary reminder that some of the world’s leading companies have head offices that sit in a part of the world that is riddled with earthquake faults. Expect plenty of questions to be raised in the coming days about the state of contingency plans. The quake should also reinforce the efforts of authorities in San Francisco and...Continue reading
IN THE first part of VICE News's extraordinary five-part documentary on ISIS, released earlier this month, a bearded and strangely innocent-looking young press officer who goes by the name Abu Mosa invites America to attack his movement. "I say to America that the Islamic Caliphate has been established, and we will not stop," Abu Mosa says with a shy smile, a Kalashnikov leaning easily in his right hand. "Don't be cowards and attack us with drones. Instead send your soldiers, the ones we humiliated in Iraq. We will humiliate them everywhere, God willing, and we will raise the flag of Allah in the White House."
America has since begun attacking ISIS with air and drone strikes, and on Wednesday, in response to the beheading of James Foley, a photojournalist, Barack Obama reiterated his commitment to the fight. But the president has not obliged Abu Mosa's wish for America to send in ground forces. For one thing, the airstrikes Continue reading